Sunday, August 29, 2021

July2021 Rainfall data of some towns in the Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas

July2021 saw a very active monsoon in our region with excess rainfall being observed in Darjeeling, Kalimpong, and Kurseong while Gangtok and Siliguri had normal precipitation.
What was of concern was the manner in which we received this rainfall, and Kalimpong rainfall of July2021 is cited as an example.

Kalimpong rainfall (July2021)

At Kalimpong we had 3 major rainfall events on 07Jul (125mm), 10Jul (164mm) and 29Jul (232mm) and these three events averaging 3 days at the most, accounted for 84.6% of the monthly rainfall
Rainfall volumes and pattern of 10Jul2021 is shown below:
Undoubtedly, the most serious event occurred on 29July2021; being triggered by a low pressure area which had formed in the Bay of Bengal. The Infra Red cloud imagery of the date and time which was shared on WhatsApp with a number of groups and organizations is shown:
Rainfall intensities were above 100mm/hr for an hour withe the peak reaching 165mm/hr shortly after midnight on 30Jul2021:

The intense rainfall of 29/30July2021 coming down on saturated soil was bound to trigger landslides:

STH has documented the landslides which occurred in July2021 in our region to the extent possible - after doing a number of landslide tours and it is placed here

Praful Rao with Shreya Gurung
Kalimpong district
Darjeeling - Sikkim Himalayas

Sunday, July 25, 2021

Jun2021 rainfall data of some towns of the Darjeeling - Sikkim Himalaya, STH activities and the Landslides

 Rainfall in Jun2021 was more or less normal  in most parts of Sub Himalayan W Bengal and Sikkim but the changing rainfall patterns (where we alternate from deficient rainfall and a huge excess within days), the rapid and often unplanned urbanization and the total disregard to constructing an efficient drainage system capable of handling the huge volumes of water which the rainfall brings contributed to a number of landslides in our region thru June2021.


Praful Rao with Shreya Gurung
Kalimpong district
Darjeeling-Sikkim Himalayas

Saturday, June 19, 2021

Rainfall data (April 2021 and May 2021) of some towns of the Darjeeling - Sikkim Himalaya, STH activities, Cyclone 'YAAS' and the Landslides

April 2021 rainfall

May 2021 rainfall

STH Activities

1. NIDM webinar
Participated in a national level webinar organized by NIDM on 'Capacity Building among Rural Communities' where I spoke on STH experience in working with rural people and the dire necessity of 'Community Based Disaster RIsk Management' (CBDRM)

2. Reporting on Cyclone 'YAAS'

We kept a close track on Cyclone 'YAAS', the first cyclone to form in the Bay in 2021 from the time it formed in the Bay until it dissipated. The track and position was reported extensively in the STH WhatsApp Group 'HAZARD ALERTS' which has a large following in our region.

3. Keeping a tab on the landslides
It goes without saying that any major weather event in the Bay will impact the mountains of  the Darjeeling- Sikkim Himalaya which are barely 600km north of the Bay of Bengal - and so it was with Cyclone YAAS. The rainfall activity in our region spiked between the
25-28May2021 and it caused a number of landslides in Sikkim as well as the hills of Darjeeling/Kalimpong.
Some of the landslides have been documented here

Praful Rao with Ms Shreya Gurung
Kalimpong district
Darjeeling Sikkim HImalaya

Sunday, April 25, 2021

STH activities in the Darjeeling Himalaya Initiative (DHI) : Earth Day (22Apr2021) Workshop on 'Women and Disasters'

The Sustainable Mountain Development Summit (SMDS) is an annual event of the Integrated Mountain Initiative (IMI) which is a pan Himalayan body comprising of Civil Society organizations and individuals from across the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR). The SMDS is also a flagship program of the IMI and is held in different states of the IHR each year.

The summit in 2021 will be held in the Darjeeling/ Kalimpong districts of W Bengal and Darjeeling Himalaya Initiative (DHI) will be hosting the event. SaveTheHills, is a part of DHI.
On 25Feb2021, IMI President, Mr PD Rai was with us in a brief ceremony (followed by a press release and lunch) held at Aapas Residency, Kalimpong where he formally handed over the SMDS Baton from Uttarakhand (2020 host of the event) to Darjeeling/Kalimpong. I accepted the baton as President of the Darjeeling Himalaya Initiative (DHI), which is the state chapter for West Bengal.

DHI, as a run up to the final program (SMDS -X) will be hosting a few smaller programs in the course of the year and the first such one we hosted was on Earth Day (22Apr2021)
Earth Day (22April2021)
We decided to hold an in person meeting on Earth Day at the Rotary Centre, Kalimpong and Ms R Vimala (IAS) District Magistrate of Kalimpong was our Chief Guest. Our theme was 'Women and Disasters'

What was specially apt was that all our speakers for the program were women and from our own region and not surprisingly most of the audience were also women.

In addtion to the above, we featured Ms Ahana Gurung's 15 min video on mainly landslide disasters and their impact on women and Ms Jyotsna Sitling (IFS)  - CPCCF, Uttarakhand and Mr PD Rai (President, IMI) spoke to the audience via video taped messages.

The entire almost 3 hour event was live streamed on the Kalimpong TV Face Book channel and was seen by a large audience.

DHI thanks Rotary Club of Kalimpong, KaNGON (Kalimpong NGO Network) and KTv for their support and help

Praful Rao
Kalimpong district
Darjeeling-Kalimpong HImalaya

Saturday, April 17, 2021

First significant rain in the hills on 16Apr2021 after Oct 2020 and a lightning strike.

 The entire Darjeeling - Sikkim Himalaya (with the exception of north Sikkim perhaps) has been virtually bone dry since the SW monsoons withdrew from our region in Oct 2020 and it was welcome when we had rains yesterday. The thundershowers showers started in the afternoon at various places but by late evening it was over the entire region and continued well into the night with high winds, thunder and lightning. IR cloud imagery of the day is shown:

Rainfall data of the region (in mm) for yesterday is given below:
Gangtok 88, Pakyong 58, Cooch Behar 29.7, Kalimpong 25, Darjeeling 17.2, Siliguri 10.4 Mangan 8.4.
A lightning strike took place at Hanuman Mandir, Delo in Kalimpong

Widespread hail was also observed through out the region and it made parts of Gangtok look like Norway during Christmas time. (MG Marg Gangtok is seen below)

Praful Rao
Kalimpong district
Darjeeling-Sikkim Himalaya

Thursday, April 8, 2021

The fires of April 2021

 The exceptionally dry weather has resulted in tinder dry foliage all over rural Kalimpong and Sikkim which in turn has caused numerous (mainly forest) fires in our region and the sound of fire trucks clanging their balls and rushing around is almost a daily happening these days in my town.
I had the nasty experience of one almost creeping into our compound three days ago; yesterday we witnessed a huge blaze at Deolo which is the highest point in Kalimpong. Luckily, the place is also the storage for the water supply to Kalimpong town so the could be brought under control with no loss of life or property.

Unfortunately, there is no indication that we will have rain in the near future and each day there are more fires taking place in Kalimpong

Praful Rao
Kalimpong district
Darjeeling-Sikkim Himalaya

March 2021- Rainfall of the Darjeeling - Sikkim region

Praful Rao with Ms Shreya Gurung

Kalimpong district
Darjeeling - Sikkim Himalaya

Sunday, April 4, 2021

How a Himalayan Palm Civet got its head stuck in a plastic food container due to a landslide

 On 22Mar2021, at around 11.00am I was alerted that a strange animal which looked like a rhesus monkey (which are regular, unwanted guests around my home) had its head stuck inside a plastic container and was on a tree in the vicinity of my land at Tirpai, Kalimpong. I checked and quickly took some telephoto images of the helpless animal which I sent off to a friend and an official in the W Bengal Forest Department.
The animal turned out to be large Himalayan palm civet from the jungle bordering my home and it was apparently rummaging for food in the waste dump nearby. Having found an empty plastic food container, it climbed back onto the tree and tried eating some food inside the jar and in the process got its head stuck inside the jar which turned into a veritable noose around its neck which would slowly dehydrate and asphyxiate the beast in a most efficient and cruel manner.
The photos speak the rest of the story.
So how did the Himalayan civet nearly choke to death after getting its head stuck in a plastic container?
Well, that's the story of Kalimpong's unending waste disposal problem which started with a garbage dump landslide in Sep2007.
Some of the photos of the garbage dump are slides from presentations used by me at earlier occasions.

Praful Rao
Kalimpong district
Darjeeling - Sikkim Himalaya